Corridor 5 

Helsinki – Valletta

 

Pre-identified sections Mode Description/dates   
Kotka/Hamina - Helsinki Port, rail port hinterland connections, rail upgrading    
Helsinki    Rail    airport-rail connection    
RU border - Helsinki     Rail    works ongoing    
Turku - Stockholm Ports, MoS port hinterland connections, icebraking capacity
Stockholm - Malmö (Nordic Triangle) Rail works ongoing on specific sections
Fehmarn Rail    studies ongoing, construction works Fehmarn Belt fixed link between 2014 and 2020 
København - Hamburg via Fehmarn: access routes Rail access routes DK to be completed by 2020, access routes Germany to be completed in 2 steps (2020 - 2027) 
Hamburg/Bremen - Hannover Rail works to be started before 2020    
München - Wörgl Rail access to Brenner Base Tunnel and cross-border section: studies
Brenner Base Tunnel     Rail    studies and works    
Fortezza - Verona     Rail    studies and works    
Napoli - Bari     Rail    studies and works    
Napoli – Reggio Calabria     Rail    Upgrading   
Messina - Palermo     Rail    upgrading (remaining sections)    
Palermo - Valletta Ports, MoS port hinterland connections
Valletta - Marsaxlokk Port, airport     traffic management systems to be deployed, upgrading of modal interconnection

 

The Helsinki-Valletta Corridor is the longest of the 10 TEN-T Core Network Corridors and is based in part on a series of former Priority Projects (1, 11, 12 and 20), ERTMS corridor B and Rail freight corridor 3. It links the major urban centres in Germany and Italy to Scandinavia and the Mediterranean whilst crossing 7 different Member States. (Finland/Sweden/Denmark/Germany/Austria/Italy/Malta). Although there is a vast consensus on the importance of this corridor in general, there are still some problematic sections that are seen to be critical from several sides. In terms of planning it again seems to be the cross border sections. In particular, the approaches to the Brenner Base Tunnel (BBT) still do not get as much attention as they need. Shortcomings in this regard are seen in Germany as well as in Italy. In respect of financing, it is particularly the BBT that attracts the attention of critics, due to the huge and still unclear financing.

 

The main trouble spots for the Helsinki-Valletta Corridor are the Fehmarn Belt link between Denmark and Germany, as well as the Brenner Base Tunnel and its access routes between Munich and Verona as well as the Y-line between Hamburg, Bremen and Hannover and the railway track through the Thüringer Forrest. As well as the Bridge of Messina, there is also a sleeping spot.